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高一英语学习方法主谓一致知识点

2018-10-26 16:07 浏览:100作者:admin

英语是一种世界性语言,全世界二分之一的电话是用英语进行的,四分之三的报刊书籍是英文版的。英语的重要性可见一斑。惟楚競才长沙英语培训老师提到:学好英语,就等于打开了世界的一扇窗户,你可以享受到更广泛的资讯。初中阶段,大家会接触到一些简单的英语知识,更重要的是,大家会逐渐掌握学习英语的方法,从而为终身学习打下坚实的基础。英语学习的最高效率就是时间、学习内容、负担量、成本和成绩的函数。具体地说,英语学习的最高效率是指学生所花的学习时间最少、学习内容最多、学习负担最轻、成本最低和学习成绩最高。暑假将至,惟楚競才老师为大家整理高一英语学习方法主谓一致知识点,希望大家认真阅读,并勤学多练,利用暑假时间将自己的英语学科学好。
 
 
 
主谓一致知识点
 
  1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语作主语时,谓语动词要用单数;主语为复数时,谓语用复数。(最基本的)
 
  2、由and或both...and...连接的并列成分作主语时,谓语动词用复数。
 
  但并列主语如果指的是同一人、同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数。
 
  3、由and连接的并列单数主语之前如果分别由each, every, no修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。
 
  4、主语是单数时,尽管后面跟有 but ,except, besides, with ,as well as ,together with ,along with,like 等引导的介词短语时 ,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。
 
  注意:主语和谓语之间插入了分词短语,谓语要与主语保持一致。
 
  5、一些只有复数形式的名词,如people, police, cattle, clothes等作主语时,谓语动词要用复数。
 
  6、集体名词family, class, team, group 等看作整体时,谓语动词用单数;看作每一个成员时,谓语动词用复数。
 
  7、 当表示国家,城市,人名,书名,报纸,杂志,及组织机构等的专有名词做主语时,作为整体,谓语动词用单数形式。
 
  The New York Times is reading all over the United States . 《纽约时报》
 
  8、 news ,maths,physics ,politics等词貌似复数,实为单数,其谓语动词用单数.
 
  9、the +形容词(如the poor ,the rich ,the young, the old , the dead ,the sick,the brave 等)作主语,谓语动词往往用复数
 
  10、表时间、距离、价格、度量衡等的名词作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数。
 
  11、由连词not,but, or, either...or..., neither...nor..., not only...but also...,等连接的并列主语,如果一个是单数,一个是复数,则谓语动词按就近一致原则,与最靠近它的主语一致。
 
  12、There be句型、以here开头的句子谓语动词和靠近的主语一致。
 
  13、a number of后面加复数名词或代词,其动词用复数形式;但the number of后面加复数名词或代词时,其谓语用单数。
 
  14、在定语从句中主语是关系代词who , that , which , 谓语动词的数应与先行词的数一致。
 
注意:在one of +复数名词+ who/that/which引导的定语从句中,从句谓语的单复数取决 于one前是否有the (only)、the very。如果有,从句的谓语动词用单数,如没有the only, 就用复数形式。
 
 
 
练习题
 
【题文】There are many useful suggestions that can help one to improve English. Here are some of them to increase one’s English language vocabulary.
 
Learning English vocabulary is about much more than just learning the right words. It is based on understanding important words and expressions.
 
Learning a word will not help very much if you quickly forget it. Researches show that it takes from 10 to 20 repetitions(重复) to really make a word part of your vocabulary. Since most words are learned from how they are used in context (上下文),the more words one is shown, the better vocabulary one will have. Keep a piece of paper close to you. When you read, pay close attention to the word you do not know, write the word down and try to understand its meaning from the context. Then look up the word in a dictionary.
 
Remember that if you do not use English words that you have just learned in conversation or writing, you will forget them very quickly. So the best way to learn new words effectively is just by trying to use them in conversation and writing. Remember also that practice is the key to fluent spoken English.
 
Building vocabulary is a life-long task. Remember: “In the beginning was the word.” Your future could depend on how rich your vocabulary is. It will also determine the quality of your communication.
 
1. We can learn from the passage that learning English vocabulary             .
 
   A. is just about learning the right words
 
   B. is about remembering more and more words
 
   C. doesn’t require one to learn expressions
 
   D. requires one to understand important expressions
 
2. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
 
   A. To master a word, you need to repeat it 10-20 times.
 
   B. If you remember a word, you are still able to forget it if you don’t use it.
 
   C. It doesn’t take long to build one’s vocabulary.
 
   D. Practice is very important in fluent spoken English.
 
3. The best way to learn new words is            .
 
   A. trying to use them while speaking and writing
 
   B. writing them down over and over again
 
   C. always looking them up in the dictionary
 
   D. reading them loudly over and over again
 
4. What is the passage mainly about?
 
   A. How to enrich your English vocabulary.
 
   B. How to have a good conversation in English .
 
   C. Why context is important in learning English.
 
   D. How to improve the quality of communication.
 
 
 
【答案】DCAA
 
【解析】
 
【试源】2015-2016学年湖北省荆州中学高一上学期期中考试英语试题
 
【结束】
 
 
 
(英语知识点有任何疑问都可找答疑老师)
 
以上是惟楚競才老师为大家整理的高一英语学习方法主谓一致知识点,大家一定要理解句型,多做练习题,这样才能牢牢的掌握知识点,如果有不懂的问题可以添加惟楚競才答疑老师微信(280617944),随时为大家解决学习难题。

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