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惟楚競才初一英语每日一学名词单数变复数的规则

2018-10-26 15:41 浏览:80作者:admin

英语是一种世界性语言,全世界二分之一的电话是用英语进行的,四分之三的报刊书籍是英文版的。英语的重要性可见一斑。惟楚競才老师提到:学好英语,就等于打开了世界的一扇窗户,你可以享受到更广泛的资讯。初中阶段,大家会接触到一些简单的英语知识,更重要的是,大家会逐渐掌握学习英语的方法,从而为终身学习打下坚实的基础。英语学习的最高效率就是时间、学习内容、负担量、成本和成绩的函数。具体地说,英语学习的最高效率是指学生所花的学习时间最少、学习内容最多、学习负担最轻、成本最低和学习成绩最高。暑假将至,惟楚競才老师为大家整理初一英语每日一学名词单数变复数的规则,希望大家认真阅读,并勤学多练,利用暑假时间将自己的英语学科学好。
 
 
 
名词单数变复数的规则
 
一、绝大多数的可数名词的复数形式,是在该词末尾加上后辍-s。
 
读音变化:结尾是清辅音读[s],结尾是浊辅音或元音读[z]。
 
例:friend→friends; cat→cats; style→styles; sport→sports; piece→pieces
 
二、凡是以s、z、x、ch、sh结尾的词,在该词末尾加上后辍-es构成复数。
 
读音变化:统一加读[iz]。
 
例:bus→buses; quiz→quizzes; fox→foxes; match→matches; flash→flashes
 
三、以辅音字母+y结尾的名词,将y改变为i,再加-es。
 
读音变化:加读[z]。
 
例:candy→candies; daisy→daisies; fairy→fairies; lady→ladies; story→stories
 
四、以-o结尾的名词,如果不是外来词或缩写,就加-es,否则加-s构成复数。
 
读音变化:加读[z]。
 
例:tomato→tomatoes; potato→potatoes; torpedo→torpedoes; bingo→bingoes
 
反例:silo→silos; piano→pianos(外来词); photo→photos;
 
五、以-f或-fe结尾的名词,多为将-f或-fe改变为-ves,但有例外。
 
读音变化:尾音[f]改读[vz]。
 
例:knife→knives; life→lives; leaf→leaves; staff→staves; scarf→scarves
 
反例:roof→roofs
 
六、部分单词的复数形式不变。
 
读音变化:保持原音。
 
例:fish→fish; sheep→sheep; cattle→cattle; deer→deer;
 
七、极少数单词,其复数形式没有任何规律。
 
读音变化:没有规律。
 
例:man→men; woman→women; child→children; person→people; ox→oxen
 
八、一些单数词得改头换面一番,才能变成复数词
 
例: foot→feet; man→men   mouse→mice;  tooth→teeth; woman→women
 
九、有些名词是单数、复数不分的
 
例:deer; fish; cannon; sheep; salmon 鲑鱼; trout 鳟鱼
 
十、一些名词虽分单数、复数,但出现次数多的总是单数词
 
例:abscence; clothing; film; help; furniture家具; machinery机械; news; scenery风景; sugar;
 
traffic交通
 
十一、另一些名词则以复数词出现的机会较多
 
例:bellows风箱; clothes; police; shorts短裤; scissors剪刀; spectacles眼镜; shears大剪刀
 
trousers长裤; wages工资
 
十二、若表达具体数目,要借助数量词
 
例:pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers
 
十三、另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,
 
例:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼
 
十四、除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。
 
例:a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters
 
以O结尾的词,许多加es构成复数,特别是一些常用词如:heroes,potatoes,tomatoes,echoes,tornadoes,torpedoes,dominoes,vetoes,mosquitoes,Negroes,mangoes,buffaloes,volcanoes
 
但下面几类词只加s:1.以“元音+o”或“oo”结尾的词 如:videos,radios,studios,,zoos,bamboos,kangaroos,
 
2.一些外来词,特别是音乐方面的词,如:pianos,
 
3.一些缩写词和专有名词,如:kilos,photos,
 
写出下列名词复数
 
leaf______ puppy_______ box_______ knife_______ fly______ fox______  bus______  bench_____  brush_____ kiss______ church______ dish_____ ruler______ peach________ glass_____ pencil________ boy______ zoo______ man______ roof_______ sheep_______ knife______ lady______ key______ story______ watch______ bamboo______ city______ family______ day_____ apple_______ eraser______ speech______ thief______ mouse______ fish_____ goose____ people ______ ox_____ Chinese _______ deer _______ foot______ child_______ tooth_______ guy________ hero_______ spy______ boss_____ monkey______ city ______ goat ______ radio ________ horse ______ dog ______
 
 用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空:
 
1>There are so many________(wolf)in the forest.
 
2>There are three ______(chair) in the classroom.
 
3>These _______(tomato) are red.   
 
4>______(hero) are great.
 
5>My brother looks after two ______(baby)
 
6>There are some ______(deer) eating the grass.
 
7>My father likes to eat _______(potato).
 
8>Chinese ______(people)like to eat noodles.
 
9>I have a lot of ______(toy) in my bedroom.
 
10>I help my mother wash ______(dish) in the kitchen.
 
11>I have two ______(pencil-box).   
 
12>There are some ______(bus)in the street.
 
13>Peter has eight _____(foot).    
 
14>Linda has three _______(tooth).
 
15>There are some ______(child) in the garden.
 
16>Michael likes the ______(mouse).
 
17>There are some ______(goose)in the river.
 
18>My uncle and father are _____(man).
 
19>Tom and King are _____(boy).    
 
20>Linda has three ______(tooth).
 
 选出正确形式
 
1.I can see three ________ in the zoo. 
 
A monkeys    B monkeys    C monkey
 
2.The pig has four ______. A. foot  B. feet  C. foots
3.My two brothers are both ______.
 
A. policeman  B. policemans  C. policemen
4.There are four ___________ in the class. 
 
A. Japanese   B. Japaneses  C. Japan
5.I can see ten _____ in the picture. A. sheep  B. dog  C. pig
6.The _____ has three______. 
 
A. boys, watches  B. boy, watch  C. boy, watches
7.C an you see _______on the plate? A. bread  B. breads  C. breades
 
8.The girl often brushes her_____ before she goes to bed. 
 
A. tooth  B. tooths C. teeth
9.Mr Black often drink some _________.A. milk  B. milks  C.milkes
 
10.There are some _____ on the floor. A. child  B. water  C. books
11. _______ will learn English.  A. Woman  B. Women  C. Man
12.Lucy will show us some new ____ of hers.
 A. photo  B. photos  C. photoes
13. I drank two ______.
 
A. bottles of orange B. bottle of orange C. bottles of oranges
14.The cat eats two ______ last night. A. mouses  B. mice  C. mouse
15.I need a pen and some _____.  A. books   B. desk  C. chair
 
16 Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______.
 
A. rooms number   B. Room number C. Room’s number  D. Room numbers
 
17. The newly-built library is a ______ building.
 
A. five-storey   B. five storeys  C. five-storey’s   D. five storeys’
 
18. --- Whose umbrella is it?  --- It’s _______.
 
A.     somebody else’s     B. Somebody else  C. Somebody’s else’s    D. Somebody’s else
 
19. I feel terribly hot, What’s the _____?
 
  A. temperature of room  B. Room’s temperature 
 
   C. Room temperature  D. Temperature of room’s
 
20. _______ will make a trip around the world during the coming Christmas.
 
A. The Evens  B. The Evens’ C. The Evenses  D. The Evenses’
 
21.The girl talking to Mary is a friend of ________.
 
A. Mary’s sister B. Mary sister’s C. Mary’s sister’s D. sister of Mary’s
 
22. The woman over there is ______ mother.
 
A.     Julia and Shelley’s B. Julia’s and Shelley’s  C. Julia and Shelley D. Julia’s and Shelley
 
23. He is very tired. He needs ______.
 
A. a night rest B. a rest night  C. a night’s rest D. a rest of night
 
24. ---Excuse me,where are _______ offices?  ---Over there.
 
A. teacher’s B. teachers’ C. the teacher’s D. the teachers’
 
25. Today is September 10th.  It’s_____ Day. Let’s go and buy some flowers for our teachers.  
 
A. Teacher  B. Teachers’  C. the Teachers’  D. Teacher’s
 
 
(初一英语每日一学名词单数变复数的规则精选答案及解析可找答疑老师领取)
 
以上是惟楚競才老师为大家整理的初一英语每日一学名词单数变复数的规则,大家一定要理解句型,多做练习题,这样才能牢牢的掌握知识点,如果有不懂的问题可以添加惟楚競才答疑老师微信(280617944),随时为大家解决学习难题。
 
 

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