Leonardo da Vinci's mother may have been a Chinese slave according to a new research by an Italian historian and novelist-Angelo Paratico, who has spent the last 20 years living and working in Hong Kong，researching the links between his homeland and China over the past half century.
Mr. Paratico said the documents he has uncovered during two years of research form the basis of his latest book LeonardoDaVinci, a Chinese scholar lost in Renaissance (文艺复兴) Italy. The book, which is due to be published next year, uncovers evidence that there's a link between Da Vinci and the Far Fast.
Speaking to the SouthChinaMorning，Post, Mr. Paratico said, “I am sure that Leonardo's mother was from the East, but to make her a Chinese, we need to use a deductive method (演绎法).
One wealthy client of Leonardo's father had a slave called Caterina. After Leonardo's date of birth, she disappeared from the documents. She was no longer working there.”
It is believed that his mother was called Caterina, who, according to some reports, was a local peasant. But Mr. Paratico's new work claims it is most likely that Da Vinci's mother was a slave.
Supporting his theory, he said, "During the Renaissance, countries like Italy and Spain were full of slaves from the East.”
He claimed that there were certain aspects of Da Vinci's life and works which suggest a Chinese link. For instance, he was writing with his left hand from left to right and he was also a vegetarian, which was not common. Mona Lisa is probably a portrait of his mother, as Sigmund Freud said in 1910. On the back of Mona Lisa, there is a Chinese landscape and even her face looks Chinese.
Mr. Paratico said he believes the only way to solve the mystery is to dig out some of Da Vinci's relations in Florence and extract some DNA.
1．Mr. Paratico has stayed in Hong Kong for 20 years to_________.
A.study Da Vinci's motherB.explore the connection of Italy and China
C.find Da Vinci's mother is a slaveD.research China and Mona Lisa
2．What is Mr. Paratico's latest book based on？
A.His work in Hong Kong. B.His living experience.
C.His final visit to Italy. D.His research findings.
3．Which aspect may suggest there is a link between Da Vinci and Chinese？
A.His eating habit. B.His ways of drawing.
C.His mother's portrait. D.His father's friend.
4．We can infer from the passage that Da Vinci's mother_________.
A.was a slave of Leonardo's father B.quit working after her marriage
C.may be the model of Mona Lisa D.was buried in Florence after death
Discover South Africa from $1799 South Africa is truly a world-class destination!
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This wonderful 16-day tour is designed to highlight South Africa’s amazing diversity of cultures, its curious mixture of old and new, as well as its wonderful scenery and wildlife, together with its unique history．
Join us to experience Cape Town and the exciting Kruger safari (游猎) on our tour to South Africa．We believe that a more naturally beautiful country than South Africa would be difficult to find: from the rocky peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains, to the timeless semi-desert landscapes of the Karoo and then the forested seashores and mirror-like lakes of the Garden Route, the attractive valleys of the Winelands and the symbol of the country, Table Mountain — all under an endless blue sky．Quite amazing!
Included in our price:
Return flights from London Heathrow
Three-and-four-star hotels, sharing rooms, breakfast and lunch included
Internal flight to the beautiful Garden Route
Full-day guided safari in the Kruger National Park
Visit the legendary Zulu War battlefields of Isandlwana, Rorke's Drift, the historical Cape of Good Hope, Cape Town, Apartheid Museum and Blyde River Canyon
Travel on Outeniqua steam train or go whale watching depending on the season
For more information, call 0845 155 6706.
5．On this 16-day tour, visitors might experience the _______ of South Africa.
A．history, cultures and educationB．cultures, scenery and education
C．history, scenery and educationD．history, cultures and scenery
6．What can we learn about the tour?
A．The tour is available all year round．B．Tourists will have a single room each.
C．Tourists are sure to go whale watching．D．Suppers are not included in the price.
7．The passage is written to _______.
A．talk about touring experiencesB．attract people to the tour
C．talk about the history of AfricaD．introduce places of interest in Africa
On a freezing cold day, a couple had to move into a small apartment because of their failure in business. The husband worked day and night to support the family but with no care of his wife. So she thought, “He doesn't love me any more. He just cares about his business ...not me”．
One day, she was about to take a shower when he stopped her at the door, “Let me take it first, okay？”“Why not me first？” she asked. “I am tired, honey, you take it later, okay？”She was entirely unhappy.
One day, she found nothing to do and turned on his computer. A few words came into her sight. Reading them, she burst into tears. It was his diary：
Today, I was quite sad. She asked me why I was always taking the shower first, and I said to her, “I was exhausted”. She was unhappy. In her mind, I treated her not as well as usual, but what could I do? I was not as rich as before! We moved to the small apartment, and there was only one shower in the bathroom. It was so cold to take a shower in such a cold winter. But I found that if one person took the shower first, the room could get a little warmer. So every day I rushed to the bathroom first. I was thinking that, when she took the shower, the room would get warmer, even if it was only 1℃.
Now I cannot give her a comfortable life, take her to good restaurants, or buy expensive dresses for her, but at least, I can give her 1℃ love.
8．Why did the couple move to the small apartment?
A.Both of them were out of work.
B.They wanted to live a better life.
C.The man could take better care of his business.
D.They were too poor to live in the former house.
9．Which of the following can replace the underlined word “exhausted”？
A.Devoted. B.Worried. C.Tired. D.Injured.
10．What can be inferred from the passage?
A.They would live a richer life soon.
B.The woman misunderstood her husband.
C.The man would care less about his business.
D.The woman would get angry after reading the diary.
11．What's the best title of the passage?
A.A Love Story B.1℃ LoveC.A Suffering Couple D.Fight for the Bathroom
Bangkok has become the world’s top tourist destination, with 15.98 million visitors projected to visit Thailand’s capital city this year, according to the third annual Global Destination Cities Index released by MasterCard on Monday. Based on data MasterCard collected from governments, central banks, related public agencies and airlines so far this year, the projection for the entire year says Bangkok is surpassing (超过) London, the previous holder of the top place, by a very narrow margin.
Monday’s report marked the first time an Asian city has been projected to be the top-ranked tourist destination. London came in second, with 15.96 million visitors expected in 2013, and Paris, third, with 13.92 million visitors. MasterCard looked at 132 cities.
Other Asian cities that made it to the Top-20 Global Destination Cities in 2013 include Singapore at number four, with 11.75 million visitors; Kuala Lumpur at number eight, with 9.2 million visitors; Hong Kong at number nine, with 8.72 million visitors; Seoul at number 11, with 8.19 million visitors; Shanghai at number 14, with 6.5 million visitors, Tokyo at number 16, with 5.8 million visitors, and Taipei, with 5.19 million visitors.
The study found that Bangkok is experiencing a large increase in its number of tourists in 2013, up 9.8% from 2009. That compares to New York’s increase at 5.0% and London’s at 3.8%. Paris, meanwhile, saw a small dip in its number of tourists (negative 0.7%).
Caroline Lledo, who was visiting Bangkok from France, said Thailand has many offerings. “We like culture and the people are so nice. We also love shopping here,” Ms. Lledo said. MasterCard Worldwide’s global economic adviser Yuwa Hedrick-Wong cited (引用) overall value for money spent for why Bangkok is attractive. That is true for Thailand overall as well.
12．From the passage we can know that___________.
A.Bangkok defeated London by a wide margin
B.there are 15.96 million visitors visiting London in 2013
C.Paris is experiencing an increase in its number of tourists
D.London topped List of World’s Tourist Destinations in 2012
13．How many Asian cities have made it to the Top-20 Global Destination Cities in 2013?
A.Seven. B.Eight. C.Nine. D.Ten.
14．What attracts visitors to Thailand?
A.People and buildings. B.Shopping and environment.
C.Culture, people and shopping. D.Culture and natural scenery.
15．What can we know about MasterCard?
A.MasterCard surveyed 131 cities.
B.Caroline Lledo was MasterCard’s adviser.
C.MasterCard collected data from private agencies.
D.It is the third time that MasterCard has released the Index.
How successful leaders spent their teenage years
I don’t think I have ever before been compared with Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, etc.16 But for what it is worth, I’ll give you some traits that I think are common among most of these people.
Read a wide variety of books and articles that stretch your imagination. Don’t just read easy books (like Harry Potter). 17 Those difficult texts can really stretch your mind.
Because most of the people mentioned grew up in a different era, they spent a big portion of their time just reading the encyclopedia. Many of them would eventually read every encyclopedia volume letter. These people had a strong need to learn new things.
At an early age, most of these people spent more time play-acting than others. Very few of these people spent their time playing organized sports---they instead were in their bedroom, backyard, or nearby park playing by themselves. 18
It is amazing how many successful people lit things on fire, blew things up, caught and studied bugs, built bird nest
s, and more. 19 And they were the ones in charge of the experiment.
Creating vs. Consuming
Watching wonderful movies, listening to music, etc. are all great ways to spend time. 20
Most of these successful people spent a large percentage of their time creating. They were building things, starting things, etc. This is really important.
A. Read things that challenge your thought.
B. Today it is harder to spend time creating.
C. They were letting their imagination run wild.
D. They were building, creating, viewing, and observing.
E. But they are passive ---- these are consuming functions.
F. Most of these people had parents that asked them to read less.
G. I am nowhere near as successful as most of the people on this list.
An old man wanted to retire because of his poor health．The 21 was in deciding which son would take his place．As his children gathered to 22 his birthday, the father announced his 23 ．The old man took out two boxes and said to his two sons．“Each of you take one．I want each of you to 24 it with what you believe to be the most 25 thing for our successful business． 26 your choices, I will decide who will take 27 the business,” father said．The next days the families and employees could sense the spirit of28 between the boys.
It was January 1st and the family 29 to celebrate again．“Please30 with me what’s in your box!” father said．The first son said, “It’s outside on the back of truck．The box you gave me was much too 31 .” Father walked to the window and from that distance could see all．With a deep tone of32 , he asked the other son，“What do you have to give?”The son33 his father the box．The old man looked inside and with great34 looked up at his son .“It’s35 !” father said .“Are you telling me that you have found nothing of value in our business?”
“On the contrary,” he said．“I could not place 36 I found most valuable in a box．How does one measure the value of quality and honesty? What size box would37 the loyalty（忠诚） of our employees and customers? How big of a room would I need for our workers who have38 from our generous pay and health plan? Finally, father, the most valuable possessions（财富） I 39 hold are the love of you and mother.”
It was 40 what decision was made that day．There will come a time when each of us will be asked by our father to share what we value most．I hope your box is empty.
21. A．praise B．challenge C．suggestion D．advice
22. A．enjoy B．concern C．celebrate D．honor
23. A．retirement B．experience C．money D．knowledge
24. A．cover B．provide C．combine D．fill
25. A．comfortable B．beautiful C．valuable D．adjustable
26. A．Based on B．Stood for C．Protected from D．Dressed up
27. A．up B．over C．down D．off
28. A．teamwork B．achievement C．competitionD．communication
29. A．forced B．refused C．adjusted D．gathered
30. A．send B．publish C．share D．write
31. A．big B．small C．light D．large
32. A．happiness B．illness C．sadness D．loneliness
33. A．posted B．packed C．wrapped D．handed
34. A．delight B．shock C．mystery D．devotion
35. A．empty B．wonderful C．terrible D．ugly
36. A．where B．when C．how D．what
37. A．sensed B．measured C．hold D．compared
38. A．benefited B．suffered C．learned D．heard
39. A．severely B．luckily C．sadly D．slightly
40. A．obvious B．nervous C．anxious D．Mysterious
第二节 语法填空 （共10小题；每小题1.5分, 满分15分）
If you read a newspaper or listen to a news report recently, you 41_____ hear or read a strange word “staycation”. Staycation is 42 new word the American press (newspapers, radio, and television) is using 43 (describe) a vacation very close to your own home, or simply staying at home during your vacation. It is a combination of the words “stay” and “vacation”.
According to many news reports, these staycations are very popular among American families this year. Why? The high price of gasoline for cars and airplanes has made it very expensive for Americans to travel 44 (compare) to past years. When you combine this with the weak American dollar, it all adds up 45 people deciding to stay close to home
during their traditional summer vacations. Of course, some places are 46 (attract) to “stay home at” than others. And if you live in a very small town, well, you may just want to skip your vacation and save your time up to next year!
Everything is expensive nowadays, and let’s face 47 ---- a vacation just may not be in your plan this year. You don’t have to give up family fun just 48 you can’t get away; instead, follow my tips for an economical staycation filled with old favorites and new adventures! Staycations 49 (achieve) high popularity in current hard economic times in which 50 (employ) levels and gas prices are high.
1-5 BDAC 5-7 DDB 8-11 DCBB 12-15 DBCD 16-20 GACDE
21-25 BCADC 26-30 ABCDC 31-35 BCDBA36-40 DCABA
41. will/may/ might/can/could 42. a43. to describe44. compared 45. to
46. more attractive 47. it 48. Because 49. have achieved 50. Unemployment
第3处. 答案：第3句中，去掉in第4处. 答案：第4句中，把them改为us
One possible version:
Recently, a survey has been conducted among young netizens about what motivates the youth to work hard. The results are as follows.
79.3% of the surveyed netizens say that their main motivation is to help their parents to live a better life while 67.7% claim that they work hard in order to change their own fate. 66.8% respond that they want to improve their own life. Besides, 64.2% make great efforts so as to make their children live better.
Different persons have different motivation to make progress, but there is something in common that they want themselves or their relatives to live in better conditions. As far as I can see, it is the motivation to live a better life that inspires the youth to work hard.