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初中英语一般现在时(结构、用法、练习)全解析

2018-10-24 14:03 浏览:65作者:admin

一般现在时
1.表经常发生的事情、存在的动作或状态
 
eg She sings with the band Crazy Boy.
 
2.表内心活动感情等
 
eg I don't think you are right.
 
3.描述客观真理
 
eg Birds fly in the sky.
 
4.表预定的行为
 
eg The train leaves at 9.
 
一般现在时的基本结构
一般现在时除主语是第三人称单数时谓语动词要加s外,一律用动词原形。
 
  例句:
 
  I go to school at 6 every morning. 每天早上我七点去上学。
 
  Summer follows spring. 春天之后是夏天。
 
  The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。
 
  I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary school. 我在小学就学过地球是围绕太阳转的。
 
Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。
 
全日制中高考冲刺
 
时态详解
主要用于下面几情况:
 
  1) 描述当前时间内经常出现、反复发生的动作或存在的状态。
 
  在这种情景中,句子常带有表示频率的时间状语:always , everyday , often , once a week (month , year , etc.) ,
 
sometimes , seldom , usually等等,以表示句中的动作或状态是习惯性的、经常性的。例如:
 
  They raise ducks as a sideline .他们以养鸭为副业。
 
  She doesn't often write to her family, only once a month. 她不常给家里写信,仅一月一封而已。
 
  I cycle to work every day .我每天骑自行车上班。
 
  It seldom rains here .这儿很少下雨。
 
  2)仅为了描述状态、性质、特征、能力等等。
 
  这里的目的是为了"描述现阶段的动作或状态",其重点"不是强调动作发生的时间、或进行的状态"。例如:
 
  He can speak five foreign languages .他能说五种外语。
 
  That is a beautiful city .那是座美丽的城市。
 
  Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world. 长江是世界上最长的河流之一。
 
  She majors in music .她主修音乐。
 
  All my family love football .我全家人都喜欢足球。
 
  My sister is always ready to help others . 我妹妹总是乐于助人。
 
  3) 陈述客观事实、客观真理。
 
  顾名思义,客观的情况是"没有时间概念"的;也"不会在意动作进行的状态"。例如:
 
  The sun rises in the east .日出东方。
 
  The earth goes around the sun .地球绕着太阳转。
 
  Ten minus two is eight.十减二等于八。
 
  Light travels faster than sound .光的速度比声音的速度快。
 
  The United States lies by the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. 美国位于太平洋西岸。
 
  4) 根据英文语法规定,当主句的谓语动词是一般将来时,那么时间或条件状语从句的谓语动词只能用一般现在时来表示将来要发生的动作。例如:
 
  I'll tell him the news when he comes back. 他回来时,我将告诉他这个消息。
 
  If you take the job , they will talk with you in greater details.
 
  如果你接受这份工作,他们将和你谈谈细节。
 
  用于一般现在时的副词,除了上面提到的一些表示频率的以外,常见的还有:now, today , nowadays等等。
 
长沙英语补习
 
[特殊用法]一般现在时表示过去
 
 
1. 用于某些动词(tell, say, hear, learn, gather等)表示不确定的过去时间。如:
 
  I hear that he got married last month. 我听说他上个月结婚了。
 
  Mary says you told her to come over here. 玛丽说是你让她到这儿来的。
 
  2. 当要陈述一个客观事实时,有时即使有过去时间状语也可用一般现在时。如:
 
  The story is set in the summer of 1937. 故事的背景是1937年夏天。
 
  The story begins in the year 1937. 故事开始于1937年。
长沙全日制辅导班
 
[时态练习]初中英语语法 一般现在时练习题
 
1)用动词的适当形式填空
 
  1.I like ____________ (swim).
 
  2.He _________(read) English every day.
 
  3.We _________(go)to school at seven in the morning.
 
  4.Mike________(go)to school at seven in the morning.
 
  5.My mother________(like) ______(go) shopping.
 
  6.I can ________(draw) many beautiful pictures.
 
  7.She_________(make) a model plane.
 
  8.Do you ________(like)_________(run)?
 
  9.Does he_________(like)_________(jump) ?
 
  10.Does Nancy_________(grow)flowers on Saturday ?
 
  11.The teachers________(like)___________(dance).
 
  12.The teacher________(like)____________(dance).
 
  13.The students___________(speak) English in class.
 
  14.The student_________(speak) Chinese after class.
 
  15. Let's____________and play football . ( go )
 
  16. He_____________ like swimming . ( not )
 
  17. I'm sorry ____________that . ( hear )
 
  18. Wang Bing is____________ ( write ) an E-mail to his friend .
 
  19. He has_____________a headache . ( get )
 
  20. _________you study English at school ? Yes , I___________. ( do )
 
  21. __________your sister study English at school ? No , she__________ . ( do )
 
  22. I'm _________ better . ( feel )
 
  23. Why__________Tom absent today ? ( be )
 
  2)用所给的人称改写句子
 
  1.I take photos on Sunday. ( Mike)
 
  2.We grow beautiful flowers. (she)
 
  3.They like collecting stamps. (Ben)
 
  4.I listen to music carefully. (my aunt)
 
  5.You like making a model ship. (Helen)
 
  6.We clean the classroom every day. (he)
 
  7.They look after the pandas. (Mr Wang)
 
  8.I draw a tree and some flowers. (Nancy)
 
  9.We go to bed at eight. ( my sister)
 
  10.I read newspapers in the evening. (Mr Green)
 
  3)写出下列动词的相应形式
 
  1. 第三人称单数: wash_________ match _______guess______ study______ finish_________ go________ snow______ carry_________
 
  2.写出下列动词的过去式:stop______ see________ drive ________let_______ carry______ keep_____ join______ find_______ think________ teach______ catch______
 
  3. 写出下列动词的现在分词形式: stay_______ begin______ forget_______ forget______ lie________ die _______ run_______ prefer______ give________ ring_______ dance______ hope_______
 
  II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空:
 
  1.I ________(write) to you as soon as I _______(get) to London.
 
  2. He doean't feel well and ____________(not eat) any food this morning.
 
  3. He ______ not _______(see) me come in, for he ___________(read) something with great interest.
 
  4. I _________(l;et) you have the book as soon as I _________(finish) it.
 
  5. While we ________(wait) for our teacher, a little boy ________(run) up to us.
 
  6. Don't make a niose. Grandpa __________(sleep). 7.It's seven now, Tom's family__________(watch) TV.
 
  8. It ________(take) me two hours to finish my homework last night.
 
  9. What ______ your mother _______(do) at eight yesterday evening? She _______(wash) clothes.
 
  10. _______ it ______ (rain) when school was over yesterday?
 
  11. What _______(do) _______ tomorrow? We ________ (play) football.
 
  12. There ________ (be) a football match on TV this evening.
 
  13. They said they ________ (visit) the Great Wall the next summer holiday.
 
  14. Who _______ (dance) the best in your class? 15. Will you come if he _____________ (not come)?
 
  16. The teacher told us the earth __________ (move) round the sun. 17She ________ (buy) a sweater yesterday.
 
  18. They _______ (have) a party in the garden if it ________ (not rain) tomorrow.
 
  19. I don't know if Mr.Wang ______ (go) to Shanghai tomorrow. If he _____ (go), I ______ (ask) him _______
 
(take) some books to my daughter, because she _______ (study) there.
 
  III单项选择:
 
  1.The students will go to the Summer Palace if it _____ tomorrow. A.don't rain B. doesn't rain C. won't rain
 
  2. There _____ an English film next week. A. will have B. is going to have C. is going to be D. was going to be
 
  3. The picture _______ nice. A.looks B.is looked C.look D.is looking
 
  4. She ______ down and soon fell asleep. A. live B. lain C. laid D. lay
 
  5. They _____ the office at nine yesterday morning. A. reached to B. arrived C. went D. get to
 
  6. We shall go to Shanghai on business before you _____ back next week.
 
  A. wil come B. came C. would come D. come
 
  7. Don't smoke until the plane ______ off. A.takes B.took C.was taken D.is take
 
  8. I saw her ____ the room this morning. A.to enter B. entered C. enter D. enters
 
  9.the teacher asked us ______ to school on time. A. to come B.coming C.come D.comes
 
  10. John is always ______ others. A. help B. helping C. helps D. to help
 
  11. He told us ______ at eight. A. working B. to work C. work D. worked
 
  12. You'd better ______ at home and ______ your homework.
 
  A. to stay, do B. stay, do C. to stay, to do D. stay, to do
 
  13. He sat down ______ a rest. A. having B. have C. to have D. had
 
  14. Uncle Wang knows _______ a washing machine.
 
  A. how to make B. to make C. how making D. what to make
 
  15. Jim decided _______ Polly to Ling Feng when he was back to England.
 
  A. to leave B. left C. leaving D. leave
 
  4)改句子
 
  1.Do you often play football after school? (肯定回答)
 
  2.I have many books. (改为否定句)
 
  3.Gao Shan's sister likes playing table tennis (改为否定句)
 
  4.She lives in a small town near New York. (改为一般疑问句)
 
  5.I watch TV every day. (改为一般疑问句)
 
  6.David has got a goal. (改为一般疑问句)
 
  7.We have four lessons.(否定句)
 
  8.Nancy doesn't run fast (肯定句)
 
  9.My dog runs fast. 否定句: 一般疑问句:
 
  10.Mike has two letters for him. 一般疑问句: 否定句:
 
  11.I usually play football on Friday afternoon. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 划线提问
 
  12.Su Yang usually washes some clothes on Saturday. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 划线提问:
 
  13.Mingming usually waters the flowers every day 否定句: 一般疑问句: 划线提问
 
  14.Tom does his homework at home. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 划线提问
 
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