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高一英语学习方法状语从句中的省略用法技巧

2018-10-23 15:53 浏览:185作者:admin

英语是一种世界性语言,全世界二分之一的电话是用英语进行的,四分之三的报刊书籍是英文版的。英语的重要性可见一斑。惟楚競才老师提到:学好英语,就等于打开了世界的一扇窗户,你可以享受到更广泛的资讯。初中阶段,大家会接触到一些简单的英语知识,更重要的是,大家会逐渐掌握学习英语的方法,从而为终身学习打下坚实的基础。英语学习的最高效率就是时间、学习内容、负担量、成本和成绩的函数。具体地说,英语学习的最高效率是指学生所花的学习时间最少、学习内容最多、学习负担最轻、成本最低和学习成绩最高。暑假将至,惟楚競才老师为大家整理高一英语学习方法状语从句中的省略用法技巧,希望大家认真阅读,并勤学多练,利用暑假时间将自己的英语学科学好。
 
 
 
Ⅰ、状语从句中的省略用法
 
  以if从句为代表的状语从句中的特殊省略用法:通常省略了it is,that is,there is/are。
 
  Ⅱ、定语从句中的省略用法
 
  关系词的省略 关系代词that,which,whom等在限制性定语从句中充当宾语且不位于介词之后时,可以省略;in which或that在先行词way后作方式状语从句时可省略。
 
  Ⅲ、虚拟语气中if及should的省略
 
  1、 当条件状语从句中有were,had,should等时省略if,把它们提至句首,形成倒装句。
 
  2、 Suggest,insist,order,require等表示建议、要求、命令的动词后接的名词性从句中,谓语动词常用should+动词原形,should可以省略。
 
  Ⅳ、不定式符号to的省略
 
  1、 感官动词see,hear,feel,watch等和使役动词have,make,let等后接不定式作宾语时,不定式省略to。
 
  2、 在特定语境中为了避免重复,当不定式再次出现时,在want,wish,hope,try,plan,like,love,hate后往往只保留to,而省略后面的动词。但不定式后有be,have时,也保留be和have。
 
  Ⅴ、So和not的替代性省略
 
  用于避免重复前面所说过的内容,替代词so/not替代肯定或否定的名词性从句。可与believe,do,expect,fear,guess,hope,say,speak,suppose,think,I’m afraid等连用。
 
 
 
【题文】The reason why women love to spend hours in shops while men prefer to be in and out of the high street in minutes can trace back(追溯) to their hunter-gathering past, find scientists.
 
While women spent their days gathering food, often with children, men were hunters who made plans about how to catch and kill their prey (猎物). These two ways of getting food in the past show how we shop in modern times, the study believes.
 
Women would spend hours trying to find the right things, because they had in the past spent ages trying to find the best quality and health-giving food. Men, on the other hand, decided in advance what animal they wanted to kill and then went looking for it. Once it was found and killed, they returned home.
 
Daniel Kruger, professor of the University of Michigan, said the study could be the answer to why there are a lot of co
 
llisions when couples go shopping together. He said it could also help couples to avoid fights in the shops if they understood the reasons why each sex had different ways of deciding on the perfect present.
 
“In modern times, women are much more likely than men to know when a specific type of item will go on sale. Women also spend much more time choosing the perfect color and texture.”
 
Professor Kruger said his study was important because if men and women understood each other’s shopping habits they could avoid arguments while shopping.
 
1. What has decided the different shopping habits of men and women?
 
    A. Different ways of keeping food in the past.
 
   B. Different ways of eating in the past.
 
   C. Different ways of buying food in the past.
 
   D. Different ways of gathering food in the past.
 
2. In comparison(比较) with men, women were less likely to     .
 
   A. catch the right animal and kill it
 
   B. spend much time on shopping
 
   C. choose the right color and texture
 
   D. know when a specific item was on sale
 
3. What does the underlined word mean in the fourth paragraph?
 
   A. Requests.        B. Arguments.
 
   C. Concerns.        D. Differences.
 
4. According to Kruger, his study can help to ______________.
 
   A. develop good shopping habits
 
   B. avoid arguments in shopping between men and women
 
   C. give people tips on choosing good gifts
 
   D. make sure people buy safe food for children
 
 
 
【答案】DA BB
 
【解析】
 
【试源】2015-2016学年湖北省荆州中学高一上学期期中考试英语试题
 
【结束】
 
 
 
(英语知识点有任何疑问都可找答疑老师)
 
以上是惟楚競才老师为大家整理的高一英语学习方法状语从句中的省略用法技巧,大家一定要理解句型,多做练习题,这样才能牢牢的掌握知识点,如果有不懂的问题可以添加惟楚競才答疑老师微信(280617944),随时为大家解决学习难题。

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