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初一英语每日一学形容词副词的比较级和最高级用法

2018-10-23 15:05 浏览:161作者:admin

小升初的暑假可不能单单的玩耍,到初一从小学的语数外三门科目变为七门科目,大家可以提前接触初中的知识点,为初中的学习打下基础下面是惟楚競才长沙英语培训老师为大家整理的初一英语每日一学形容词副词的比较级和最高级用法,希望大家认真学习。
 
 
 
形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的用法:
 
当两种物体之间相互比较时,我们要用形容词或副词的比较级;
 
当相互比较的物体是三个或三个以上时,我们就要用形容词或副词的最高级。
 
 ※形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的变化规律:
 
1. 单音节形容词或副词后面直接加-er或-est
 
tall—taller—tallest      fast—faster—fastest
 
2. 以-e结尾的单音节形容词或副词直接加-r或-st
 
large—larger—largest    nice—nicer—nicest
 
3. 以-y结尾的形容词或副词,改-y为-i再加-er或-est
 
busy—busier—busiest    early—earlier—earliest
 
4. 形容词或副词是重读闭音节时,双写最后的辅音字母,再加-er或-est
 
hot—hotter—hottest      big—bigger—biggest
 
5. 多音节形容词或副词前面直接加more或most
 
delicious—more delicious—most delicious
 
beautiful—more beautiful—most beautiful
 
6. 不规则变化
 
good (well)—better—best       bad (badly)—worse—worst
 
many(much)-more-most        little-less-least
 
⑥.  特殊变化:
 
图片1.png 
 
Ⅱ. 形容词比较级的用法:表示两者(人或物)的比较。
 
⒈ 比较级+than从句表示两者比较( A  … 比较级+than B )
 
①. 他比我高。He is ________ (tall) than me.
 
②. 他的头发比我的短。His hair is ________(short) than _________.
 
                      He has ________ (short) hair than ________.
 
③. Tom比我胖。 Tom is _____ (fat) than me.
 
④. 谁跑得快些,Lucy 还是Lily?  Who runs  _________, Lucy or Lily?
 
⑤. 英语比语文重要。English is  _______________ (important) than Chinese.
 
⑥. 我来的比你晚。I come _______ (late) than you.
 
⑦. 他比你小2岁。He’s 2 years _________ than you.
 
⒉ 表示两者“相等”用,as+形容词原级+比较对象: (A … as 原级 B )
 
①他和我一样高。 He is as ________ (tall) as I/me.
 
②英语比语文重要。English is as _______________ (important) as Chinese.
 
③他的头发和我的头发一样长。His hair is ________ ________ _______ mine.
 
④他学习和你一样努力。He works _______ hard ______ you.
 
⒊ 表示“不如”, “不相等”时,用“not+as/so+形容词原级+as+比较对象”。
 
①他没我高。He is  ______ ________  (tall) as me.
 
②今天没有昨天暖和。Today is ______ _______ _______(warm) _______ yesterday.
 
                     =Yesterday ______ ________ than today.
 
③他昨天来得没有我早。He _________ come ________ early as I (did) yesterday.
 
比较级前可用much / a lot / far(… 得多), a little(稍微) ,still, no, even(甚至), any 等表示程度;
 
形容词、副词前如有:very, too, quite(非常), rather(相当)等修饰,一般用原级。
 
比较:  He is much ___________( well) today.  It’s much ____________ (expensive).
 
He is very __________ (well) today.  It’s too ___________ (expensive)
 
△⒋“比较级 +and+ 比较级”表示“越来越…”
 
天气越来越冷了。It’s getting ______ and _______(cold)
 
△⒌ “The+ 比较级…,the+ 比较级…”表示“越…,就越…
 
越多越好 The ________, the _______.
 
△⒍ “用twice 等表示倍数的词+ as +原级+as…”表示甲是乙的几倍。
 
    这间房是那间房的两倍。This room is _______ as big as that one.
 
Ⅲ. 形容词最高级的用法:
 
表示三者或三者以上(人或物)的比较,其中有一个超过其他几个。形容词最高级前要加the,后面通常带of(in)短语来说明比较的范围(of 后的名词或代词表示与主语属同一类;in 表示时间或空间范围)。
 
①在我们班上他最高。 He is __________ ( tall) _____ our class.
 
②玛丽是这三个学生中最小的。
 
Mary is  __________ (young) ______ the three students.
 
一.出下列单词的比较级
 
1.tall___________2.quiet____________ 3.funny_______________4.heavy___________
 
5.thin_____________6.big______________7.outgoing_____________8.wild________
 
9.little_____________10.good____________11.bad_______________12.many__________选择填空
 
1. Which does Jimmy like _____ , Chinese or Art?    
A. well B. best C. better D. much
 
 2. The Changjiang River is one of _____  in the world.
A. the longest river  B. longest rivers C. the longest rivers D. longer rivers
 
 3. The box is _________than I wanted.
 
A. biger       B. the biger         C. bigger         D. the bigger
 
4. My mooncake is nicer _____ his.     
A. like    B. with    C. for    D. than
 
 5. You are fatter than  _____ .   
A. he     B. his     C. him    D. he is tall
 
 6. He jumps  _____  of the three. 
A. far  B. further   C. farthest   D. furthest
 
 7. My hair is longer than  _____  . 
A. my sister   B. Kate   C. my brother’s    D. Lucy’s
 
 8. There are _____ paper here .Please bring some. 
A. little B. less C. fewer   D. a little
 
 9. The pen is _____  than that one.   
A. more cheap   B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper
 
 10.Tom speaks Chinese  _____  better than Jimmy.   
A. more   B. very   C. a lot of D. much
 
 11.There are  _____  girls in Class Two than in Class Four.  
A. more B. nicest C. most D. best
 
 12.It’s too _____  for you to do that.   
A. easy B. more dangerous C. harder D. the easiest
 
 13.Who has _____ apples now, Jim, Lily or Lucy?
A. much B. biggest C. better D. the most
 
 14.You have more rulers than me. But  _____ are nicer than  _____ .
A. mine, yours B. mine, your C. my, yours D. my, your
 
 15.Tingting is _____  than Meimei, but Meimei is  _____  than Tingting.
A. all, stronger   B. taller, strongest C. tallest, strong   D. taller, stronger
 
 16.Mother is _____ in my family.
A. busy B. busier C. the busiest D. more busy
 
 17.There are  _____  in the park on Sunday. 
A. more children B. a lot of people   C. much men and women D. many peoples
 
 18.-This blue sweater is too big for me .-Will you please show me a _____ one?
A. small    B. smaller    C. the smallest   D. smallest
 
 19.No one is _____ Mary in the class. 
A. so tallest as B. as taller as C. so high as D. so tall as
 
 20. This bike is _____ than that one.   
A. twenty yuan dear    B. twenty yuan dearer    C. dear twenty yuan  D. dearer twenty yuan
 
 二、用所给词的适当形式填空
 
 1.Your classroom is  _____   (wide) and _____  (bright)  than ours.
2.There are    _____ (few) hours of sunlight a day in winter than in summer.
3.Which do you like    _____ (well) , maths or chemistry?
4.This is the     _____ (good) film I have ever seen. 
5.Africa is the second     _____ (large) continent.  
6.What he said made his mother much   _____ (angry) . 
7.I’m not as     _____ (careful) as he.
8.We’ve got as     _____ (many) books as we need.   
9.Pratice as    _____ (much) as you can.
10.They have done     _____ (much) work with   _____ (little) money.
11.You’re the  _____ (kind) person I’ve ever met.     
12.He is    _____ (young) than his two sisters.
13.The      _____ (old) I get, the      _____ (strong) I seem to feel.
14.The weather is getting _____ (warm) and      _____ (warm) . 
15.Summer is  _____ (hot) season of the year.
 
(初一英语知识点及解析资料可找答疑老师领取)
 
以上是惟楚競才老师为大家整理的初一英语每日一形容词副词的比较级和最高级用法,大家一定要理解句型,多做练习题,这样才能牢牢的掌握知识点,如果有不懂的问题可以添加惟楚競才答疑老师微信(280617944),随时为大家解决学习难题。
 
 

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